NIFSC National Incident Reporting System (NIRS)

What is the National Incident Reporting System?

The National Incident Reporting System (NIRS) is a system managed by the National Indigenous Fire Safety Council (NIFSC) Project, that gathers, stores, and analyses fire incident data from Indigenous communities. By reporting fire incidents, the NIRS will analysis the cause, origin, and circumstances of fires to identify risks and draw attention to areas of concern at a local, provincial, and national level.

Reporting fire incidents, and collecting this data, will also help identify trends, deficits, emerging risks and inform future education, infrastructure, and economic planning.

Why is it important to report a fire incident?

Reporting a fire incident helps to identify gaps in fire protection on-reserve and supports the reduction of fire-related injury, property damage and loss of life.

It also supports long-term decision making to ensure that First Nations living on reserve are offered the same level of protection as others.

By understanding why and how fires occur, we can bring direct attention to the root causes and prevent future fires from happening.

How to Report a Fire Incident Online

To complete a fire incident report online, please click here to access a fillable web and PDF form. The web and pdf form can be submitted online through web and by email. The pdf form can also be downloaded and submitted by mail.

How to Report a Fire Incident by Phone

To report a fire incident by phone, please contact NIFSC at 1-888-444-6811 and ask to report a fire incident. A Specialist from our team will be happy to assist you in completing the form.

If you are already familiar with your regional Delivery Specialist, please contact them directly for further assistance.

NIRS Current State


Incident takes place.


Community member reports the incident to the NIRS and the incident is entered into a secure, Canadian controlled repository with similar data from across Canada.


Access to data is granted to authorized users only and will be encrypted via various security measures.


Data organized and analyzed.


Trends are identified.

NIRS Future State (2022-2023)


Trends and information is shared back with communities and regional organizations to target future initiatives.


Information is used for planning public education initiatives and addressing resource needs to improve training and public safety.


Incident rates decrease over time due to increased knowledge of risks.


Fire and life safety practices, knowledge and public education improve supporting safer communities.


Who should report fires?

Anyone can report a fire – the Band office, Chief and Council, the volunteer fire department or a nearby fire department, police or RCMP, an insurance company, or a community member, among others.

How are fire incidents reported?

Fire incidents can be reported in two ways:

  1. By submitting a fire incident form online
  2. Calling the NIFSC Project for support and reporting the fire incident over the phone.

What are the benefits of the NIRS, and reporting fire incidents, for communities?

The goal of the NIRS is to reduce fire-related injuries and deaths, as well as reduce the loss of property. Fire incidents from across the country will be analyzed and used to target overall fire and life safety education, programs, and services in communities. It will also inform and support future investments that yield the greatest impact.

Fire incident data is an important resource for communities. It provides insight into the challenges and success stories from other communities. By using the system, we can identify gaps in fire safety programming and then focus on those key areas.

What are the benefits of the NIRS for Chief and Council?

The NIRS will inform the development and prioritization of appropriate fire prevention, educational programing, infrastructure, and economic planning. It will also help direct future investments to address root causes to support safer communities. 

The NIFSC Project is an Indigenous-led organization focused on supporting capacity building and resiliency in all Indigenous communities. Having a national organization like the NIFSC Project oversee data collection ensures an Indigenous approach (for us, by us), placing community safety at the core of its mission and purpose.

Since there is not a national jurisdictional responsibility for fire services, the amount and type of information kept by the provinces also varies widely. Having a national fire incident database allows communities to benefit from lessons learned across the country.

What are the benefits for National and Regional Indigenous Organizations?

The trends identified in the NIRS will support evidence-based decision making to inform the development and prioritization of appropriate fire prevention, education, infrastructure, and economic planning. It will also help direct future investments to address the root causes of fire-related incidents to support safer communities through the compilation and dissemination of national fire loss statistics.

Having access to fire statistics supports evidence-informed decision making with respect to operational decisions, policy development, and in promoting public awareness about the dangers of fire.

Who will oversee the NIRS and the data collected?

The NIFSC Project, with support from the Indigenous Fire Marshal’s Service (IFMS), the delivery arm of the NIFSC Project, will oversee the collection and analysis of the fire incident data in partnership with Indigenous communities in order to improve fire safety and prevention at the local level.  The NIFSC Project will fund a position that is focused on the analysis of the data to identify risks and concerns to inform decision making and resource allocation. 

How will the fire incident data be used?

The goal of the NIRS is to identify gaps in fire protection on-reserve and support decision making to ensure that Indigenous Peoples are offered the same level of protection as others. The data from fire incident reporting will be used to support fire prevention and education, training, infrastructure and economic planning, the standardized building inspection processes, and inspection frameworks to ensure quality and standards are met. 

How will the data be stored and protected?

Data will be stored on a cloud platform to ensure data sovereignty. The access to data will be granted to authorized users only and will be encrypted via various security measures (multi-factor authentication, advanced firewalls, event logging, internet firewalls, encryption, and physical security measures) to ensure that the data is protected.

Does the NIFSC and the NIRS have a privacy policy?